- Category: Low Incidence
Occupational Therapy describes those services provided by a qualified occupational therapist, including those directed toward improving, developing or restoring functions that have been impaired or lost due to illness, injury, or deprivation.
Occupational therapy services are directed at improving a child's ability to perform tasks for independent functioning, if functions are impaired or lost. Early intervention is aimed at preventing initial or further impairment or loss of function.
Occupational therapy focuses on the individual, functional needs of a child as related to adaptive development, behavior, play, sensorimotor and postural development. Occupational therapy services are designed to improve a child's functional ability to perform activities of daily living, work/productive activities and play/leisure activities in home, school, and community settings.
All Hiawatha Valley Education District occupational therapists are registered by the National Board for Certification of OccupationalTherapists (NBCOT) and licensed with the State of Minnesota to practice occupational therapy.
Specific services by registered occupational therapists in an educational setting include:
Screening and Evaluation determines the significance of discrepancy between a child's current performance and the expected developmental performance. Determination of a child's current functional abilities encompasses areas of:
•Performance Areas - including activities of daily living, work and play/leisure activities as compared to expected performance;
•Performance Components - including sensorimotor, cognitive, psychological elements as compared to expected development;
•Performance Contexts - including temporal, physical, social and cultural environmental contexts, as compared to the expected
Program Planning - Occupational therapists participate in the team process of developing and implementing the individualized Family Service Plan (ISFP), the Individualized Education Program (IEP) and the Individual Interagency Intervention Plan (IIIP).
Intervention - is provided to enhance a child's functional abilities in performance areas (activities of daily living, work, play) and in performance components (sensorimotor, cognitive, psychosocial) while considering the child's environmental contexts.
Coordination - when designated by the team, occupational therapists may act as service coordinators/case managers.
As defined be federal law, IDEA 1997, occupational therapy is a related service for Part B and as early intervention for Part C.
Minnesota law defines occupational therapy as a related service for Part B and Part C.
Related services are those that are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from a special education. Occupational therapy intervention is provided only when the educational team determines that this support is necessary in order for the child to accomplish identified education goals and objectives.
For additional information on occupational therapy services, national registration or Minnesota State licensure requirements, refer to these web sites:
MN Department of Health